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WORLD ELECTRIC GUIDE

This site is featured in the Electricity section of the Fodor's Online Resource Center.


ELECTRIC POWER AROUND THE WORLD

The table below summarizes information on the electrical systems in use in most countries of the world.

The voltages listed here are the “nominal” figures reported to be in use at most residential or commercial sites in the country or area named.  Most electrical power systems are prone to slight variations in voltage due to demand or other factors.  Many former 220V countries have converted or are in the process of converting to  the EU standard of 230V.  Generally, this difference is inconsequential, as most appliances are built to tolerate current a certain percentage above or below the rated voltage.  However, severe variations in current can damage electrical equipment.

The electric power frequency is shown in the number of hertz (cycles per second).  Even if voltages are similar, a 60-hertz clock or tape recorder may not function properly on 50 hertz current.  All systems described here use alternating current (AC).  The plug types listed indicate all types known to be in use in that country.  Not all areas of a country may use all types of plugs listed for that country, since there may be regional differences based on the power system in a certain area.

Finally, I've only included information that is likely to be relevant for travelers.  Just about everywhere listed here has higher voltage lines available for heavy duty appliances (not to mention commercial or industrial applications).  While this would be relevant for those moving to another country, I'm assuming most travelers will leave their clothes dryers, air conditioners and arc welders at home!

COUNTRY VOLTAGE FREQUENCY PLUG COMMENTS
Afghanistan 220V 50 Hz C & F * * A UN correspondent reports C and F common in Kabul, but its likely a variety of plugs may be used around the country.  Some sources report Type D also in use.  Other reports indicate voltage variances from 160V to 280V.
Albania 220V* 50 Hz C & F *Voltage variations common
Algeria 230V 50 Hz C* & F *A variation of Type C with a ground post offset about 1/2-inch from center may also be found.
American Samoa 120V 60 Hz A, B, F & I  
Andorra 230V 50Hz C & F
Angola 220V 50 Hz C  
Anguilla 110V 60Hz A (maybe B)  
Antigua 230V* 60 Hz A & B *Airport area is reportedly Antigua power is 110V.
Argentina 220V 50 Hz C & I* *Neutral and line wires are reversed from that used in Australia and elsewhere.  Click here for more.
Armenia 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Aruba 127V* 60 Hz A, B & F *Lago Colony 115V
Australia 230V* 50 Hz I *Outlets typically controlled by adjacent switch.
Though nominal voltage has been officially changed to 230V, 240V is within tolerances and commonly found. 
Austria 230V 50 Hz C, F  
Azerbaijan 220V 50 Hz C, F
Azores 220V* 50 Hz B, C, & F *Ponta Delgada 110V; to be converted to 220V
Bahamas 120V 60 Hz A & B
Bahrain 230V* 50 Hz* G *Awali 110V, 60 Hz
Balearic Islands 220V 50 Hz C & F
Bangladesh 220V 50 Hz A, C, D, G & K  
Barbados 115V 50 Hz A, B  
Belarus 220V 50 Hz C & F
Belgium 230V 50 Hz E Notes from correspondents: a 'C' style plug can be used with 'E' and 'F' receptacles.  All double-insulated appliances are indeed fitted with a 'C' plug, and can be used in any compatible receptacle (C E F and narrow L).  Type C receptacles are prohibited in Belgium.
Belize 110/220V 60 Hz B & G  
Benin 220V 50 Hz E  
Bermuda 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Bhutan 230V 50 Hz D, F, & G Type M plugs also identified by some sources.
Bolivia 220/230V* 50 Hz A & C *La Paz & Viacha 115V
Bosnia 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Botswana 231V 50 Hz G & M  
Brazil 110/220V* 60 Hz A & B, C *127V found in states of Bahia, Paraná (including Curitiba), Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Minas Gerais (though 220V may be found in some hotels).  Other areas are 220V only, with the exception of Fortaleza (240V).  Outlets (click for more) are often a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug.
Brunei 240V 50 Hz G  
Bulgaria 230V 50 Hz C* & F* *Outlets are reported as type F, though both type C and F plugs may be encountered.
Burkina Faso 220V 50 Hz C & E  
Burundi 220V 50 Hz C & E  
Cambodia 230V 50 Hz A & C* *Some outlets are a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug.   Plug G may be found in some hotels.
Cameroon 220V 50 Hz C, E  
Canada 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Canary Islands 220V 50 Hz C, E, & L Type L plugs/outlets may have different pin spacing.  The smaller and closer pins are for a rated current of 10 A, the bigger and wider pins are for a rated current of 16 A. 
Cape Verde 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Cayman Islands 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Central African Republic 220V 50 Hz C & E  
Chad 220V 50Hz D, E & F  
Channel Islands 230V 50 Hz G
Chile 220V 50 Hz C & L  
China, People's Republic of 220V 50 Hz A, I, G The "official" plug type is like type A but slightly shorter and without holes in blades.  Type A and I outlets are common, and Type G might also be found.  Click here for photos and more info.
Colombia 110V 60Hz A & B  
Comoros 220V 50 Hz C & E  
Congo, People's Rep. of 230V 50 Hz C & E  
Congo, Dem. Rep. of (former Zaire) 220V 50 Hz C & D  
Cook Islands 240V 50 Hz I  
Costa Rica 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Côte d'Ivoire 
(Ivory Coast)
220V 50 Hz C & E  
Croatia 230V 50Hz C & F  
Cuba 110/220V 60Hz A & B, C
F & L
Most older hotels 110V.  Some newer hotels 220V.  Some outlets are a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug.
Cyprus 240V 50 Hz G  
Czech Republic 230V 50 Hz E  
Denmark 230V 50 Hz C & K Denmark's connectors have slight differences from those used elsewhere.  While pin diameter and spacing is standard, outlets may have different housing depths which could interfere with standard adaptors -- one report says this is due to "childproofing."  Also, Plug C fits into K-type outlets (but not vice versa).
Djibouti 220V 50 Hz C & E  
Dominica 230V 50 Hz D & G  
Dominican Republic 110V 60 Hz A Type J may exist in some hotels.
East Timor 220V 50 Hz C, E, F, I, A UN correspondent reports "power is poor in the country with frequent brownouts and blackouts.  I suspect that surges are frequent as we go through a lot of surge-protecting power bars."  Further he reports than Type I is common as much construction is done by Australians; type C is common in building built during Indonesian occupation; type E is less common; type F is common in offices but not hotels.
Ecuador 120-127V 60 Hz A & B  
Egypt 220V 50 Hz C  
El Salvador 115V 60 Hz A & B, C, D, E, F, G, I, J, & L  
England (See United Kingdom)  
Equatorial Guinea 220V* 50 Hz C & E *Voltage varies between 150 & 175V with frequent outages
Eritrea 230V 50 Hz C  
Estonia 230V 50 Hz F Type C may be found in older buildings.  Type E plugs may work in either C or F type outlets.
Ethiopia 220V 50 Hz D, J, & L  
Faeroe Islands 220V 50 Hz C & K  
Falkland Islands 240V 50 Hz G  
Fiji 240V 50 Hz I  
Finland 230V 50 Hz CF
France 230V 50 Hz E Type C plugs  may be found on some appliances, and will fit the Type E outlet.  Type C outlets may be found in older buildings.  Type A may be found in older buildings but is illegal.
French Guiana 220V 50 Hz C, & E  
Gaza 230V 50 Hz H  

Gabon 220V 50 Hz C  
Gambia 230V 50 Hz G  
Germany 230V 50 Hz C & F  
Ghana 230V 50 Hz D & G  
Gibraltar 240V 50 Hz C & G  
Great Britain (See United Kingdom)    
Greece 220V 50 Hz C, D, E & F  
Greenland 220V 50 Hz C & K  
Grenada (Windward Is.) 230V 50 Hz G  
Guadeloupe 230V 50 Hz C, D, & E  
Guam 110V 60Hz A & B  
Guatemala 120V 60 Hz A, B, G, & I  
Guinea 220V 50 Hz C, F & K  
Guinea-Bissau 220V 50 Hz C  
Guyana 240V* 60 Hz* A, B, D & G *Inside the capital city of Georgetown, both 120V and 240V at either 50 or 60Hz are found, depending on the part of the city (50Hz most common).  Actual voltage may vary from area to area.
Haiti 110V 60 Hz A & B  
Honduras 110V 60 Hz A & B  
Hong Kong 220V* 50 Hz G, M Type M replaced by Type G but still found.
Hungary 230V 50 Hz C & F  
Iceland 220V 50 Hz C & F  
India 230V 50 Hz C & D Click here for photos and more info.
Indonesia 127/230V* 50 Hz C, F & G *Conversion to 230V in progress; complete in principal cities
Iran 230V 50 Hz C  
Iraq 230V 50 Hz C, D, & G  
Ireland (Eire) 230 50 Hz G Type F once common and may be occasionally found.
Isle of Man 240V 50 Hz C & G  
Israel 230V 50 Hz H & C *Many (but not all) modern electric outlets in Israel have larger holes that accept both Type H and C plugs.  Some extension cords and older outlets accept only the Type H plug.  One correspondent estimates a 50-70% chance that a randomly selected outlet will accept Type C.
Italy 230V 50 Hz C, E, F & L Type L plugs/outlets may have different pin spacing.  The smaller and closer pins are for a rated current of 10 A, the bigger and wider pins are for a rated current of 16 A.  Both kinds are currently used and comply to the relevant Italian (CEI) regulations.  Some outlets have overlapping holes to accept either older or newer types.
Ivory Coast (See Côte d'Ivoire)      
Jamaica 110V 50 Hz A & B  
Japan 100V 50/60 Hz* A, B *Eastern Japan 50 Hz (Tokyo, Kawasaki, Sapporo, Yokohoma, and Sendai); Western Japan 60 Hz (Osaka, Kyoto, Nagoya, Hiroshima)
Jordan 230V 50 Hz D, F, G & J* *Type C may be found in some hotels.
Kenya 240V 50 Hz  G    
Kazakhstan 220V 50 Hz C  
Kiribati 240V 50 Hz I  
Korea, South 220V 60 Hz  C & F* *Type F likely to be found in offices and hotels.  110V power with plugs A & B was previously used but is being phased out.  Older buildings may still have this, and some hotels offer both 110V and 220V service.
Kuwait 240V 50 Hz C & G  
Laos 230V 50 Hz A, B, C, E & F  
Latvia 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Lebanon 110/220V 50 Hz A, B, C, D & G  
Lesotho 220V 50 Hz M  
Liberia 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Libya 127V* 50 Hz D *Barce, Benghazi, Derna, Sebha & Tobruk 230V
Lithuania 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Liechtenstein 230V 50 Hz J  
Luxembourg 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Macau 220V 50 Hz   D & G  
Macedonia 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Madagascar 127/220V 50 Hz C, D, E, J & K  
Madeira 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Malawi 230V 50 Hz G  
Malaysia 240V 50 Hz G  
Maldives 230V 50 Hz A, D, G, J, K & L  
Mali 220V 50 Hz C & E  
Malta 240V 50 Hz G  
Martinique 220V 50 Hz C, D, & E  
Mauritania 220V 50 Hz C  
Mauritius 230V 50 Hz C & G  
Mexico 127V 60 Hz A & B  
Micronesia (Federal States of) 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Monaco 127/220V 50 Hz C, D, E  F  
Mongolia 230V   C & E  
Montserrat (Leeward Is.) 230V 60 Hz A & B  
Morocco 127/220V* 50 Hz C & E *Conversion to 220V only underway
Mozambique 220V 50 Hz C, F & M* *Type M found especially near the border with South Africa, including the capitol, Maputo.
Myanmar (formerly Burma) 230V 50 Hz C, D, F & G* Type G* found primarily in better hotels.  Also,  many of major
hotels chains are said to have multipurpose outlets, which will take Australian 3-pin plugs and perhaps other types.
Namibia 220V 50 Hz D  
Nauru 240V 50 Hz I  
Nepal 230V 50 Hz C & D  
Netherlands 230V 50 Hz C & F  
Netherlands Antilles 127/220V* 50 Hz A, B, & F *St. Martin 120V 60 Hz; Saba &(St. Eustatius 110V 60 Hz A, maybe B
New Caledonia 220V 50 Hz F
New Zealand 230V 50 Hz I
Nicaragua 120V 60 Hz A  
Niger 220V 50 Hz A, B, C, D, E & F  
Nigeria 240V 50 Hz D & G  
Northern Ireland (see United Kingdom)      
Norway 230V 50 Hz C & F  
Okinawa 100V* 60 Hz A, B & I *Military facilities 120V
Oman 240V* 50 Hz G *Voltage variations common
Pakistan 230V 50 Hz C & D  
Palmyra Atoll 120V 60Hz A & B  
Panama 110V* 60 Hz A, B *Panama City 120V
Papua New Guinea 240V 50 Hz I  
Paraguay 220V 50 Hz C  
Peru 220V* 60 Hz* A, B & C *Talara 110/220V; Arequipa 50 Hz
Philippines 220V* 60 Hz A, B, C  
Poland 230V 50 Hz C & E  
Portugal 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Puerto Rico 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Qatar 240V 50 Hz D & G  
Réunion Island 220V  50Hz E  
Romania 230V 50 Hz C & F  
Russian Federation 220V 50 Hz C A correspondent notes: "Plug type E can also be used (because the mains outlets do not have the protruding pin). Plug type F can sometimes be used but with reservation because in many places the mains outlet will not allow to connect such plug as the outlets have smaller hole diameters than F-plug pins.
Rwanda 230V 50 Hz C & J  
St. Kitts and Nevis (Leeward Is.) 230V 60 Hz D & G  
St. Lucia (Windward Is.) 240V 50 Hz G  
St. Vincent (Windward Is.) 230V 50 Hz A, C, E, G, I & K  
Saudi Arabia 127/220V 60 Hz A, B, F & G  
Scotland (See United Kingdom)        
Senegal 230V 50 Hz C, D, E & K  
Serbia-Montenegro 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Seychelles 240V 50 Hz G  
Sierra Leone 230V 50 Hz D & G  
Singapore 230V 50 Hz G Type A adaptors are widely available from shops as an extension set of 2 to 5 sets of sockets; most commonly used for audio and video equipment. 
Slovak Republic 230V 50 Hz E  
Slovenia 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Somalia 220V* 50 Hz C *Berbera 230V; Merca 110/220V
South Africa 220/230V* 50 Hz M** *Grahamstad & Port Elizabeth 250V; also found in King Williams
** Types C & G can also be found in some areas.
Spain 230V 50 Hz C & F  
Sri Lanka 230V 50 Hz D  
Sudan 230V 50 Hz C & D  
Suriname 127V 60 Hz C & F  
Swaziland 230V 50 Hz M  
Sweden 230V 50 Hz C & F  
Switzerland 230V 50 Hz J Type C plugs  are common on appliances, and will fit the Type J outlet.
Syria 220V 50 Hz C, E, & L  
Tahiti 110/220V 60 Hz A, B, E Information is based mainly on hotel experiences reported by travelers.
Tajikistan 220V 50 Hz C & I  
Taiwan 110V 60 Hz A, B  
Tanzania 230V 50 Hz D & G  
Thailand 220V 50 Hz A & C* *Some outlets are a combination of type A and C and can accept either type plug.
Togo 220V* 50 Hz C *Lome 127V
Tonga 240V 50 Hz I  
Trinidad & Tobago 115V 60 Hz A & B  
Tunisia 230V 50 Hz CE   
Turkey 230V 50 Hz CF  
Turkmenistan 220V 50 Hz B & F  
Uganda 240V 50 Hz G  
Ukraine 220V 50 Hz C  
United Arab Emirates 220V* 50 Hz C, D & G  
United Kingdom 230V* 50 Hz G *Outlets typically controlled by adjacent switch.  
Though nominal voltage has been officially changed to 230V, 240V is within tolerances and commonly found. 
United States of America 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Uruguay 220V 50 Hz C, F, I* & L Type F becoming more common as a result of computer use.  *Neutral and line wires are reversed from that used in Australia and elsewhere.  Click here for more.
Uzbekistan 220V 50 Hz C & I  
Vanuatu 230V 50 Hz I Some Type G may linger from British Colonial period, but are a rarity.
Venezuela 120V 60 Hz A & B  
Vietnam 127/220V* 50 Hz A, C & G *To be standardized at 220V.  Type G found in newer hotels, primarily those built by Singaporean and Hong Kong developers.
Virgin Islands (British and U.S.) 110V 60 Hz A & B  
Wales (See United Kingdom)      
Western Samoa 230V 50 Hz I  
Yemen, Rep. of 220/230V 50 Hz A, D & G  
Yugoslavia (Former) 220V 50 Hz C & F  
Zambia 230V 50 Hz C, D & G  
Zimbabwe 220V 50 Hz D & G  

Primary sources: Electric Current Abroad (1998 edition), U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service; World Electricity Supplies and Electrical Plugs; an International Survey, (both 1993), British Standards Institute.   Additionally, since this table was first posted in late 1995, numerous revisions have (and continue to be) made as a result of personal observations or reports from other travelers.

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This stuff is provided for the personal use of travelers on the Internet.
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